Saving Old Scottish
Heritage Varieties for the Future
We sell the finest Apples, Pears, Plums, soft fruit & nuts
Our stocklist includes lots of great Scottish fruit varieties to enjoy growing and eating. Or you may want to just enjoy the poetic names!
We are adding information and tasting notes to help with choices - but please ring John to discuss - we are very happy to help you choose.
FILL IN OUR ORDER FORM AND SEND IT BACK TO US - WE WILL CONFIRM YOUR ORDER
Alternatively email your requirements with a phone number and address.
If varieties are not available John can suggest alternatives. For larger projects it may be worth organising a site visit.
Once we have agreed the order we will invoice with payment details and will then dispatch trees
Stocklist 2022 -2023
Heritage Varieties of Apple
Scottish heritage varieties , or varieties which have originated elsewhere but which have been grown in Scotland for many centuries, are highlighted in red
Price per tree - £30 each (for most trees.) Prices of soft fruit bushes vary.
We deliver trees across Scotland, as well as England and Wales.
To get a full cost including carriage etc, send over your order and we will invoice with payment details.
Alderman: A 1920’s Scottish variety, grafted from John Butterworth’s Collection, cooks to a sharp Puree
Allington Pippin: Very nice eater - which I grow in Glasgow – very clean and scab resistant. Highly recommended as a quality eating apple for Scotland.
Ard Cairn Russet: Eater. From Cork, Ireland c. 1890 as identified orchard tree – growing well Perthshire and in the Borders: creamy yellow, firm. Sweet russet taste.
Ashmead’s Kernal: Valued by connoisseurs but requiring a good site in the North of the UK to properly mature. Scab resistant. A russeted yellowish-green fruit, sometimes flushed orange, an eater with a sweet-sharp 'acid drop' flavour.
Bakers Delicious: A wonderful tasting eating apple of Welsh origin 1932 which is growing well in East Lothian and copes well with wet conditions. Highly recommended.
Bardsey Apple: One of the rarer apples – being found in 1999 on the windswept Bardsey Island in North Wales. It was found near the medieval Abbey and was likely introduced by monks. Surviving in harsh west coast conditions it’s a good choice for similar west coast island locations in Scotland. Dual eating and cooking
Belle de Boskoop: Pleasant dual use apple which grows well in Scotland (Dutch origin) – eats well and is used to make nice ciders.
Beauty of Moray: A fine hardy apple - keeps its shape well on cooking
Bloody Ploughman (good eater): Due to the popularity of these we have budded loads of these. Delicious eater, and a spectacular deep red colour. Perthshire - and said to have sprung from the bloodied heart of a ploughman shot for scrumping.
Cambusnethan Pippin: This is one of Scotland’s best eating apples. It is a firm crisp Cox type apple with a slightly nutty taste. Also, it keeps well. Origins - Clyde Valley
Cardinal: A lovely early eater, budded from the collection at National Trust for Scotland Priorwood. – said to date from early days at Melrose Abbey
Carlisle Codlin: A great cooker from the North and grown extensively around the Lake District.
Cats Head: An excellent and ancient cooker (English 1629) with a long history of being grown in Edinburgh and the Lothians – one for cat lovers
Charles Ross: Nice eater, quite reliable and scab resistant. Compact tree and a good sized fruit
Christmas Pippin (Eater – good keeper) Grows well in Central Belt and further south – I wouldn’t be confident it would ripen further North. The Edible Christmas tree
Clydeside: Clyde Valley a reliable cooker, with good-sized, clean fruit. Makes a good quality, juicy puree
Coul Blush (Eater): An Eater from Ross-shire (Scotland’s most north growing variety) raised at Coul, Ross-shire in 1827. Gold with faint flush. Sweet, soft cream flesh. Also makes good sauce. It’s also an ingredient in Caorunn gin.
Court Pendu Plat (Roman origin): A very rare, very old apple. The name probably means ''short stalk' in French. Believed to have been introduced to Britain by the Romans, it was widely cultivated in the days of Queen Elizabeth 1st, and known as 'The wise apple' as it blossomed very late and so was not damaged by frost. It is now extremely rare, and I’m keen to ensure it survives as a variety.
Cox Pomona: Slough 1825 – a probable seedling of Ribston Pippin, Striking red flush over yellow fruit. Eaten fresh brisk and crisp, and makes a good baked apple. Pomona is the Goddess of apples – which is my kind.
Cutler Grieve: Edinburgh 1912 A fine red skinned Scottish eater, sister of the James Grieve raised by Mr Grieve in Edinburgh
Devonshire Quarrenden (Known in Ireland as “Blood of the Boyne) Excellent Eater - Has been grown in Scotland for 200 years plus. Arose Devon or France before 1670. Widely-grown throughout UK in 19th century. Dark crimson flush on yellow background. Eaten early, good, strawberry flavour.
Early Julyan/ Tam Montgomery Eater: Delicious - I really like this as an early eater – with an interesting vibrant lemon taste. Grows well across Scotland
East Lothian Pippin: East Lothian of course, but is a good doer. – Dual use – but some find it sharp as an eater (though I like it!) Compact form, prolific and clean fruit which grows well on west Coast too.
Egremont Russet: Across Scotland – grows well in Glasgow with me, and is a delicious and good storing eater.
Emneth Early, Early Victoria: An eater that does well in Edinburgh – and I also have been testing in Glasgow and it does pretty well here.
Galloway Pippin: Galloway’s finest. This dual-purpose variety is believed to have originated in Wigtownshire, perhaps at Wigtown Abbey, 1871 when it was first recorded. Keeps shape on cooking – crisp eating. Very juicy and good for cider too
George Cave: One of our best tasty early eating apple, ready Late August. Originating in England in 1923. One of John Butterworth’s favourites, and a very steady cropper year after year.
Golden Monday: A rare apple – mentioned in Hogg’s Pomology. “A very excellent apple of first quality” dates from 1724 - dual use – and can also be used for cider.
Golden Pippin: Sussex UK 1629 Grown across Scotland – very old variety. Known as the Mother Tree of Scotland – as many other commercial apples are grown from this. Was also planted by George Washington in his garden. An eater with a pleasant anise taste. Very intense flavour
Golden Spire: Lancashire, 1850, this is widely grown and seems to appear in many walled gardens across Scotland. It’s cidery taste, and juiciness makes it an interesting variety to use in cider.
Greenup’s Pippin: Lancashire UK 1790 – Old variety from the north of England - Found in the garden of Mr Greenup, shoemaker of Keswick, Cumberland. A dual purpose apple, soft juicy white flesh, quite sharp. Cooks to a well flavoured froth or puree. I have tested it in Glasgow and it is also good eating – and attractive clean fruit.
Hawthornden (dual cooker and eater): Nice eating – widely used as a cooker, with especially pretty pink blossom - Lothians and Stirling – tends to form a compact tree
Hoods Supreme: Perthshire Raised 1924 by Miss B.Y. Hood, Duriehill, Edzell, Angus. Large and handsome. An eater with sweet, white flesh.
Irish Peach :Early desert apple – does well on the west coast of Scotland. I found the budwood in a Walled Garden in Campbelltown, and imagine it was brought over from Ireland which is so close from there (by boat)
Kerry Pippin: Kerry Irish Pippin is a small, shiny yellow fruit sometimes striped red in the sun. The crisp, crunchy, hard flesh has an intriguing flavour - delicious. It also features in “A jug of Punch” folk song from my childhood!
James Grieve (fine eater): Delicious Edinburgh eater apple - grows very well across East Coast, and around Inverness.
Keswick Codlin: Grows very well in West Scotland – excellent cooker from North of England.
Lady Sudeley – Early Eater: Raised 1849, Sussex – widely grown in Clyde valley – excellent eating although a bit scab prone. Grows well on the East coast as well.
Lass O’ Gowrie: An old Perthshire variety originating at Gowrie farm. Used mainly as a cooker, but also good for cider – first described in 1883. Cooks well and has a delicate flavour.
Lemon Queen: An old Clydeside variety of cooking apple. Medium to Large apples – flavour tart and refreshing, and lemon skinned.
Lord Roseberry: Good early season eating variety. Originated in Glencarse, Perthshire, 1934, and named after the Liberal Prime Minister.
Love Beauty: Mid season eating apple. Does well in Glasgow – Sent to the National Collection for Scotland, 1967. Origins very obscure. (if anyone knows any more about this, please let me know!)
Lough Key Crab: Irish apple variety (County Roscommon). A spectacular purple blossom and a deep red crab apple.
Maggie Sinclair: Origin probably Clydeside. Clyde Valley – beautiful and prolific late season cooker
Mere de Menage: Denmark, 1750, A spectacular looking apple on the tree and an excellent cooker . Very hardy, and crops well in exposed conditions.
Miller’s seedling: Berkshire, 1848, I budded this from the ancient tree at Priorwood, Melrose. Lovely early eating apple growing well in Melrose.
Midlothian Blush: Roslin, nr Edinburgh 2016, by Tony Dore. An attractive eating apple first shown at our Holyrood Apple Day.
Oslin (Arbroath Pippin): It is described in 1815, but thought to be much older, and is associated with the founding of the Arbroath Abbey. Angus and East Coast - an eater that is crisp and aromatic with a delicious aniseed taste.
Orleans Reinette: 1776 France, One of Pomologist, Edward Bunyard’s favourites. Reliable and tasty later season eater, but is also used in France as a cooker, as it holds its shape on cooking. Keeps well. Grows very well in Scotland.
Peasgood Nonsuch - nice large eating apple: Lancashire 1858. Grows well in Glasgow - very large apples – which can grow to weigh 2-3 lb each. Attractive blossom.
Ribston Pippin (a favourite for taste and also stores well): 1707 – very old English Apples, esteemed by Victorians. Grows well across Scotland. Keeps well and is one of the best dessert apples for Scotland. It’s a parent of Cox – but grows much better here. I’ve budded up lots of these as it’s a great commercial variety – and keeps well. Fairly late season ripening.
Sam Young (Irish Pippin): 1818 Kilkenny, Ireland. Old Irish intensely flavoured eating variety, Disease resistant and able to cope with wet conditions make it a good choice for the west.
Scotch Bridget: Arose Scotland, 1851. Much grown here and in Cumbria in the past. Conical, ribbed fruit with rich cream crisp flesh. I have found it a good eater here but only in a good summer – late ripening.
Scotch Dumpling – stock available again after a crop fail last year: Cooker found across Scotland - Probably from Clydesdale, date unknown. Large, distinctly red and green fruit, cooking to a brisk froth. Very attractive in flower.
Seaton House: Cooker: Raised at Seaton House, Arbroath around 1860. Large, sharp, does not ‘fall’ on cooking.
Scrog: Old cider variety grafted from the Orchard at Melrose – little known of origins.
Slack-ma-Girdle: Slack-ma-Girdle is a late sweet cider apple, commonly found in old Devon orchards. Great name – and seems to be a variety that works in southern Scotland
Stark’s Earliest (syn Scarlett Pimpernel) : Idaho, US, 1938, Lovely very early eating apple that grows well in Borders – and ready in August.
Stirling Castle: a cooker originating in Stirling and central Scotland - Raised by John Christie, Stirling in 1820's. Widely planted in the 19th Century and a still valued garden variety in Scotland and elsewhere. Well flavoured green-yellow fruit. Compact growth
Stobo Castle: originated from the Borders / Clyde Valley - a dual purpose apple - a deep golden colour with a scarlet flush, Stobo Castle cooks to a sharp creamy froth. An early apple, named by David Storrie of Glencarse.
Tam Montgomery ( Early July): Nice early variety of eating apple – pale skin and characteristic lemon taste
Thorle Pippin: Scottish eating apple Perthshire first described 1831. A small, flat, red fruit with an agreeable refreshing taste.
Tower of Glamis: Does well across Scotland – large early to midseason cooker - prolific crop
White Melrose: Eating apple originally from Melrose before 1831, but grows well in East Large, ribbed, green, becoming pale yellow
White Paradise: Originated in 1831 in the Clyde Valley - a fine cooking apple
White Joaneting: (very Early - ready from mid July) First described 1600, as “June Eating” as it was the first apple to ripen, and people used to race to get these to market. Grown in Clyde Valley, it is an ultra early apple and was the traditional start to the apple harvest. Delicious and a great start to the season, it’s easy to miss them as they are so early starting to fall in July.
Widow's Friend: A crisp juicy eating apple – a really attractive red apple – grown in Co Armagh – Irish
Yorkshire Aromatic: Received from Scotland in 1949 by National Fruit Collection – rather nice eating apple – crisp and fresh – no idea why it is called Yorkshire Aromatic!
Mainstream eating apple varieties that do well in Scotland
Ashmead’s Kernal: Valued by connoisseurs but requiring a good site in the North of the UK to properly mature. Scab resistant. A russeted yellowish-green fruit, sometimes flushed orange, with a sweet-sharp 'acid drop' flavour.
Beauty of Bath: A lovely zingy taste, early eating apple. Found in many walled gardens - forms lovely specimen trees.
Discovery: Great across Scotland – including west coast. This comes out as a favourite for many people – including children.
Ellison’s Orange: Very fine eating apple that grows well across Scotland – and does well on west coast – related to Cox.
Fiesta: Cox type apple which does well in Scotland. I’ve planted these at the community orchard at Dunkeld and they have done well there.
George Cave:One of our best tasty early eating apple, ready Late August. Originating in England in 1923. One of John Butterworth’s favourites, and a very steady cropper year after year.
Katy: Originally from Sweden – and very hardy and a lovely looking, productive scab resistant variety. Used for juice and cider making. Grows on western Isles and very far north.
Laxton’s Fortune: Good on West – aromatic flavour – (children tell me it has hints of bubblegum)
Liberty (New York 1978): Lovely red/purple fruit – excellent in Glasgow – this lovely apple looks great and also keeps well.
Red Devil: Widely grown in Scotland – I’ve seen particularly fine ones growing by Oban.
Red Falstaff: Grows well East Lothian and Edinburgh
Saturn – consistently good clean, and disease free: 1997 East Malling, Kent. Very good modern variety – easy to grow. Grows well in Glasgow and has proved reliable and scab free.
Sunset: Nice Cox type apple – good eating –makes delicious juice.
Worcester Pearmain: Classic hardy eater – with “strawberry” taste
Classic cooking varieties that do well in Scotland
Arthur Turner: one of the best for the West coast – lovely to eat too. We did a project in Kintyre and Arthur Turner emerged as the clear winner.
Bramley’s Seedling: excellent across Scotland – commonly grown for good reason. Very prolific and keeps well.
Howgate Wonder: (lovely prolific tree – large fruit). One of the best cookers in terms of keeping quality.
Lord Derby: great heavy cropper – not too vigorous, suiting a small garden and for growing as cordons.
Grenadier: good cooker – not too vigorous. An early season apple, very juicy and enjoyable to eat.
Crab apple Butterball: Small spreading crab apple with yellow fruit – and lovely pink blossom in Spring
Crab apple Evereste: Pink/ white blossom in spring and then attractive red fruit in autumn
Crab apple Golden Hornet: Profuse yellow fruit that is held into the winter and is valuable feed for birds. Also a strong pollinator in orchards
Crab apple Gorgeous: Striking white blossom followed by intense scarlet fruit.. High pectin levels make them useful for jam making
Crab apple Jelly King: Large orange fruit and spring has a fine show of white flowers – very good for jelly making.
Crab apple John Downie: Pink blossom and glossy red fruit that makes excellent Jelly.. Also excellent for wildlife
Crab apple Red Sentinel: Pink blossom and cherry like clusters of red fruit – which again are excellent for wildlife and for jelly making.
These varieties are from the collection of Max and Penny at Steilhead Cider and also recommended by William Ferguson of Novar Cider as being successful in Scotland (thanks also to John Worle for Advice)
This year they are available as maidens (1 year trees).
It isn’t necessary to use the cider varieties to make cider – but it does open up a variety of tastes sensations. I make cider using a mix of eating and cooking apples to make my own Clydecider.
Angela: 21st century West Country variety
Betty: 21st century West Country variety
Debbie: 21st century West Country variety
Ellis Bitter: East Devon
Golden Bittersweet: Devon
Harry Masters Jersey: Mid season, aka Port Wine, raised by Mr. Harry Masters in Yarlington, Somerset
Helen’s Apple: 21st century West Country variety
Kingston Black:aka Black Taunton, Somerset The Champagne of cider varieties – sought after by cider makers
Knotted Kernel: Somerset, 1842 or earlier
Major: 21st century Long Ashton variety
Michelin: France – reliable juicy variety
Morgan Sweet: Somerset, early
Porter's Perfection: 19th century, East Lambrook, Somerset
Stoke Red: Somerset 1920
Sweet Alford: Devon
Three Counties: 21st century West Country variety
Tremlett’s Bitter: Devon
Vilberie: 19th Century from Brittany
Yarlington Mill: Somerset
Traditional Scottish Pears
These pears are mostly from John Hulbert's Perthshire Collection. Twenty years ago, John realised that pear trees being grubbed up from Thrieve Castle came from an ancient collection from an older botanic garden near Dundee. He sent genetic material to Cambridge University who propagated them; they now form an important collection which is recognised by the Plant Heritage Society.
Grey Auchan: Propagated from the collection at Threave – an interesting early ripening pear
Grey Benvie: Early ripening, delicate small fruit, very tasty and pleasant. Benvie is a farm are area west of Invergowrie.
Chalk/ Crawford: Fine tasting pear – came from Mary McGilvary, near Threave
Craig: Part of the Threave collection
Cuisse Madame: This came from Threave – though its name is obviously French (meaning Lady’s Thigh). It has a long association with Scotland – in France it is used in Patisserie.
Drummond /Charnock: One of my favorite pears – lovely tasting and looking – originating from Drummond Castle is west of Perth – and was propagated from the Threave collection
Flower of Monorgan: A really nice tasting Scottish pear – Monorgan is a farm / orchard south of Dundee. Propagated from the Threave collection.
Glasgow Yellow: Kevin Reilly gathered this pear from from Shore Road, Newburgh. An attractive pear.
Gouden Knapp / Golden Knap: Another fine Scottish Pear – named after Knapp – a village near Dundee. Propagated from the Threave collection.
Gourdie Hill: Another local Carse of Gowrie Pear, propagated from the Threave collection. Gourdie is an orchard area in the centre of Carse of Gowrie (between Perth and Dundee)
Grey Honey: Good sized tasty pears - propagated from the Threave collection.
Green Pear of Yare: Really good taste. This is a Borders pear – from the Yarrow Valley – and at one stage these pears were sent to market in London – know as the Jedburgh Pear. Grafted by Willie Duncan.
Hessle: 1827 Hull (probably much older) . Another old Scottish grown variety, propagated from the Threave collection. Slow Food Uk have listed this in their Arc of taste – saying it reigned supreme for discerning palates. Its is an ingredient in jams and a traditional cake – the 'Spice Cake'.
Jargonelle: Dates from 1629, first mentioned by John Parkinson. Probably much older. Very attractive, a red, bronze colour and one of the hardiest pears – making lovely specimen trees. Early eating pears.
Longueville: Prolific and good sized fruit which taste good. Now unknown in France – it is thought to have been brought in by the Black Douglas, Lord of LongueVille in the 15thC. Grown in and around Jedburgh and Tweedale. Propagated from the Threave collection.
Lindores: Linked to Lindores Abbey established in 1124. The Lindore Pear we have was from a garden in High Street, Newburgh – built on orchard land originally belonging to the Abbey.
Maggie: Age unknown – but old Scottish Variety. A prolific fruiting pear - propagated from the Threave collection. This I think is a cooking or perry pear.
Maggie Duncan: Grown commercially in the Clyde valley historically – and reported as Rare in Nature Scots Report on Clyde Valley Orchards. Propagated from the Threave collection.
Seggie Den: This is an old Scottish Pear – from Seggieden - a village near Kinfauns on the banks of the Tay and propagated from the Threave collection.
Seckle: Lovely small purple pears propagated from the Threave collection. The origins are a bit confusing – there is a Seckel Pear which came from Pennsylvia but it appears different to the small purple pear grafted from the Longforgan Orchard.
White Christie (or Winter Christie): An Old Scottish variety – pretty good tasting – origins and age unclear - propagated from the Threave collection.
Mainstream pears: selected for taste & reliability for Scotland
Conference: Originated in the 1880s from the Rivers Nursery, in Hertfordshire. Very hardy and self fertile variety, which crops and keeps well. Scab resistant.
Beth: 1990’s Heavy Cropping, sweet fruit and compact variety makes this an excellent choice for a small garden
Doyenne du Comice.
Invincible: This is a remarkably tasty and hardy variety and suitable for less hospitable parts of Scotland.
Concorde: 1965 Kent East Malling. – This is a Conference/ Comice cross and is similar in hardyness to Conference but rather sweeter.
Doyenne Du Comice: 1840s Angers, France. A large yellow/green pear, very juicy and sweet. Praised by Bunyard, as having “the perfect Combination of Flavour, Aroma, and Texture of which man had long dreamed.”
Beurre Hardy: 1820s France – widely grown in the UK and seems to grow well in Scotland too. It’s a pleasant eating pear.
Louise Bonne De Jersey: 1780’s Normandy – introduced via Jersey, hence the name. Heaving cropping and a really beautiful pear green with a red flush. Very sweet.
Onward: 1947 Wisley: Tasty eating variety that copes well with frost pockets – recommended for Scotland
Petit Poire: Small yellow fruit and a compact heavy cropping variety make this is good choice for a smallish garden.
Williams Bon Chretien: dates from 1765 in the UK – or possibly the 1500’s in France. An eating pear but keeps its shape on cooking as well. Not as hardy as some but well worth growing in more favoured spots. In the US known as the Bartlett Pear and widely used for canning.
Red Williams: A red Sport of the Williams above. Rather an attractive pear for eating.
Victoria: excellent cropper
Rivers Early: Plum/ Damson: fantastic taste!
Gordon Castle: Moray North East Scotland
Plum Denbigh: Welsh – good hardy variety
Mirabelle De Nancy
Oullins Golden Gage
Longforgan Scottish Damson
Cherries on top
Cherry Lapin (cherokee)
Cherry Cariad: Welsh and good west coast variety
Fragrant Cloud/Shizuka Cherry
Snow showers weeping cherry
Get thee a nuttery
Filbert Kentish Cob
Cobnut Webb's Prize Cob
Filbert Pearson's Prolific / Nottingham Early
Filbert Purpurea / Purple filbert
Filbert Rote Zellernuss / Red filbert
Walnut Broadview (cost £65.00 each)
Walnut Buccaneer (cost £65.00 each)
Sweet chestnut seedling 3 1 (cost £25.00 each)
Sweet almond (cost £40.00 each)
Mulberry Wellington (cost £40.00 each)
Medlar Nottingham (cost £35.00 each)
Quince Meech's prolific
Fig Brown Turkey
Apricot Flavorcot (greenhouse) (£35.00 each)
Apricot Tomcot (greenhouse) (£35.00 each)
Peach Duke of York
Prices vary - please send your order and we will price.
Strawberry Albion, everbearer
Raspberry Autumn Bliss
Raspberry Glen ample x1
Raspberry Glen Lyon
Raspberry Glen Prosen
Raspberry Malling Jewel
Blackcurrant Ben Alder x 1
Blackcurrant Ben Connan
Redcurrant J. van Tets x 1
Whitecurrant White Versaille
Gooseberry Hinnonmaki Red
Gooseberry Invicta x 1
Thorned blackberry P9
Blackberry Loch Tay
Blueberry Bluecrop 2L
Blueberry Brigitta Blue 2L
Lingonberry, Vaccinium vitis-idaea Red Pearl P9
Plum rootstocks St Julian A BR
Pear rootstocks Quince A BR
Apple rootstocks MM106 BR
Apple rootstocks M26 BR
Please contact us to discuss and to get costs. Hedging is planted quite densely at about 3 to 4 plants per metre.
There is nothing to stop you including some soft fruit or indeed fruit trees in the hedge.
Prunus spinosa, Sloe, Blackthorn
Field maple, Acer campestre BR
Dogwood, Cornus sanguinea BR
Hazel / Corylus avellana BR
Hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna BR
Beech Hedging, Fagus sylvatica 40-60cm BR
Fagus sylvatica 125-150cm BR
Sea buckthorn, Hippophae rhamnoides BR
Laurel, Prunus laurocerasus 40 -60cm BR
Sloe, Blackthorn, Prunus spinosa BR
Rosa canina / Dog rose BR
Guelder rose / Viburnum opulus BR
Elderberry, Sambucus Nigra BR
Stakes ties and accessories (we recommend that you stake trees)
Stakes and ties (cost £3.60 per stake and tie)
“Victorian” label (cost £3.60 per label)
Mulch sheets (cost £1.40 per sheet)
Rabbit guards (£1.20 per guard)
Rootgrow (for 8 trees) (£10.00 per pack)